Illegal or Illicit drugs simply mean all types of synthetic or natural chemical substances that are consumed to alter moods and behavior but cannot be sold openly on the market because their production and sales are prohibited by the law. Although these substances are banned in most parts of the world, their sales are known to be intrinsically rewarding because they create abnormal profits when sold. All around the world drug dealers and drug lords are known to be very rich, powerful and very influential people in their cities and countries of origin. In South America where the drug business has taken toll, some countries have drug lords using money from drug sales to influence which politicians are “voted” into power by intimidating or bribing civilians.
Illegal drugs are grouped into several categories basing on the effect they create in the body. The most common are the central nervous stimulants which ae also called “uppers”. These drugs create a mental state where a person experiences hyper body activity, an elevated mood, heighted awareness and their body combats exhaustion. Stimulant drugs make a person perform way beyond what their normal capacity. They include cocaine which is the most powerful stimulant and amphetamines. There are some legal stimulants like caffeine and nicotine.
The second major group is the central nervous depressants which are also known as ‘downers”. They create reverse effects of stimulants. These drugs reduce the functioning of the central nervous system by making a person drowsy with little body activity and slurred speech. People who take depressants are more likely to experience extreme weariness and may occasionally fall asleep in very active environments. These drugs include heroin which is the most addictive depressant, analgesics and opium. The legal depressants include sedatives, alcohol and most domestic/industrial products like thinner and petrol.
The last major category is hallucinogens; this type of drug distorts the normal functioning of the central nervous systems by altering sensory experiences to create hallucinations in perception and at times may cause illusions of “things” that do not exist. Hallucinogens alter perception, so they put the users at risk of doing many antisocial acts that they would not do if they were sober. They usually cause accidents if one drives under their influence. The most common hallucinogens include LSD and the hashish found in marijuana.
The United Nations World Drug Report 2014 indicates that globally, it is estimated that in 2012, between 162 million and 324 million people, corresponding to between 3.5 per cent and 7.0 per cent of the world population aged 15-64, had used an illicit drug, mainly a substance belonging to the cannabis, opioid, cocaine or amphetamine-type stimulants group at least once in the previous year. The number of new drug abusers increases every day because of the penetrating supply of drugs in many countries of the world and several young people are becoming drug mules in order to make quick money. Young people invite friends into the drug business to become suppliers in order to make quick money to afford a lavish lifestyle they so desire but they soon start using drugs themselves and eventually become addicts who will rob or even kill to get their next “fix”. Drugs have robbed many young people of a good education, family, friends and a purpose driven life because of the negative lifestyle drug addictions cause.
What will you do today to fight against abusing and selling drugs in your community? Share this information with someone else so that more people know about “drugs”. Check in next Monday for more information on drugs in “the world of drugs series” (Image credit to www.thefitindian.com)